During its heyday under the Romans Volubilis was an affluent city. This is seen in the remains of the beautiful 2nd-century forum, basilica and capitol and the sophisticated town houses paved with mosaics. The site also features baths, oil presses, bakeries, aqueducts, drains and shops that evoke the inhabitants’ daily lives. 

After Rome withdrew from Mauretania in the 3rd century, the city declined. It was inhabited by Christians, Jews and Greeks and then became an Islamic settlement under Idriss I in 788. By the 11th century Volubilis was abandoned after the seat of power transferred to Fès.