Following the defeat of Alfonso VIII of Castel at the Battle of Alarcos in 1195, the caliph Yacoub el-Mansour embarked on the construction of a great and splendid city that was to be known as Ribat el-Fath (Camp of Victory). 

The Almohadis’ defeat at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 weakened their power and led to the city’s decline. In 1610, Philip III of Spain expelled from his kingdom the remaining Moors, who fled to the cities of the Maghreb, with many settling in Rabat. The city then became the capital of a minor and relatively autonomous coastal republic. 

Funds brought by the Andalucian refugees were put towards a flotilla of privateers that preyed on European shipping. The “Republic of Bou Regreg”, as it was known, was then annexed to the sherif’s kingdom in 1666, although piracy was not brought to an end until the mid-19th century. In 1912 Marshal Lyautey made Rabat the political, administrative capital of Morocco. [9/7, 8:20 PM] Travel Designer: Rabat, the beguiling capital of Morocco, was conceded its UNESCO Legacy site status in 2012. 

Remaining at the juncture of the Bouregreg Stream and the Atlantic, this wonderful seaside city is a rich combination of middle age Islamic legacy and a French pilgrim inheritance. The old city’s Berber stronghold (it just so happens, ‘Rabat’ comes from the Arabic expression for ‘braced place’), circled by pioneer period finished French nurseries, is maybe the ideal portrayal of this effortless social mix. The city’s other notorious milestone is the twelfth century Hassan Pinnacle. 

Caliph Yaqub al Mansour, who had assembled quite a bit of Rabat in the 12 100 years, had begun to fabricate what was then the world’s biggest mosque. It stayed incomplete upon his demise, and the incomplete minaret or the Hassan Pinnacle actually bears declaration to his aspirations. 

The Caliph had likewise reestablished the kasbah and made a regal necropolis at the old Roman vestiges of Sala Colonia, which has since been changed over into an archeological exhibition hall. The cutting edge city is to be found as much in Rabat’s cleaned up ocean side and tree-lined streets, as in its walled medina. Best for : historical treasures and imperial architecture Home to : the mausoleum of Mohammed V, Chellah necropolis and Mohammed VI Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art.